Chords & Scales

A guitar scale is a graduated series of musical tones ascending or descending in order of pitch. Scales build strength and independence in your fingers. Playing scales helps to train your ears to recognize common note combinations. They can be used as note choices in both improvisation and music writing. Scales must be a part of every musician’s practice routine.

There are 5 basic scale shapes that every guitar player should know. They should be practiced and played daily in all positions. Try to use them in your playing by writing or improvising melodies with them.


Guitar Scales


The major scale should be the first scale that you learn. It is a great warm up and technique builder. It is the starting point for all theory. This is a two octave scale. From the 1st red circle to the 2nd is one octave. Oct is the Latin prefix for eight, so the 2nd square is eight notes above the 1st. The spelling for this scale is: 1,2,3,4,5,6,7.

Even guitar players with no prior music training can easily learn music theory, scales and modes, fret positions, fingering patterns, notation, tablature, and more with this easy-to-use self instruction book with something for every guitarist.


Guitar Journals – Scales is the ultimate reference guide of studies and solos in several different genres. This huge collection of scales is perfect for guitarist’s everyday use. They are all covered here: major; natural, melodic and harmonic minor; diminished; whole-tone; bebop; blues; altered; pentatonic; more.

Guitar Book

Minor Pentatonic
Guitar Scales

Minor pentatonic is the most common of all scales used in rock, blues and many other styles. The pentatonic scale has only five different notes before you are back to a root.The spelling for this scale is: 1, b3, 4, 5, b7. Theoretically, all scales are written (formula wise) from the major scale. That is why the spelling for this scale contains a flatted third and seventh. They are altered tones from the major scale. It is also worth noting that if you were to start this scale from the 2nd note (if we were in A for example; the 2nd note would be C ) you would be playing C major pentatonic. You would therefore use it in a C major context.

Guitar Scale Dictionary

The Complete Guitar Scale Dictionary features scales shown in notation, tablature, and diagram form. Rules are given for each scale showing construction and appropriate usage in relation to chordal structure and harmony.
In addition to a myriad of scale forms for major, minor, pentatonic, and blues, in-depth sections are contained on modes symmetrical altered scales, exotic scales.

Guitar Lessons DVD and Book Set

Guitar Scales

The blues scale is the minor pentatonic with an added note in both octaves. This scale is not only used in blues, it is used in all styles of music, including "heavy metal" and "country" music.

Blues Guitar

You Can Teach Yourself Blues Guitar – Learn the blues scale, blues chords including power chords, moveable chords, and barre chords, strum patterns, and how to accompany a blues song in 6/8 or 12/8 time. Learn turnarounds, fill-ins, the capo, double stops, blues licks, bass line accompaniments, blues techniques, how to build and play an improvised solo, and fingerpicking blues and more.

Guitar Lessons DVD and Book Set

Major Pentatonic
Guitar Scales

For the major pentatonic scale shift your hand and play the notes on the 1st and 2nd strings with your 1st and 3rd fingers. Usually you should shift positions if you are playing more than 1 string. That does not include your 1st finger.

Guitar Method

Monster Guitar Method 1 dvd guitar lessons are the perfect guitar lessons for beginners just starting out. Learn how to find any note on the fretboard without using a chart. Monster Guitar Method includes lessons on the major and minor scales; the minor pentatonic and blues scales; basic and “bonus” chords (major, minor, dominant 7th, power chords); rhythmic notation; strumming patterns; and much more!

Guitar Dvd, CD and instructional booklet.

Guitar Scales

The minor scale requires a shift on the 3rd string only. Use your 1st, 2nd, and 4th fingers for the notes on the 3rd string. Stay in position for all of the other strings. Starting this one from the 3rd note would give you a major scale. Using scales in this manner is what all of the great improvisers do; instead of just having a major or minor scale you can potentially have seven different scales. In fact, it is the harmonic context that you place a scale into that will make it sound several different ways. If this loses you, I would encourage you to study more music theory. You can never know too much.

Encyclopedia of Scales

The Encyclopedia of Scales, Modes and Melodic Patterns is a unique approach to developing Ear, Mind, and Finger Coordination. This is a great source book for dozens of scales from the traditional major and minor forms. This book of scales and patterns trains the mind, the ears and the fingers to work in perfect synchronization to respond instantaneously to any given chord progression.


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